Historical Background

The Maroldsweisach Village: Origin of The Hecht Dynasty

marold_65_1The Hecht dynasty has originated from a small village, which was founded in the year 1555; The village is located in Lower Franconia in the state of Bavaria (Bayren). On the map (see Map) it marked by an arrow. Today the village is part of the Marktgemeinde Maroldsweisach local council, in the Landkries Hassberge district, which is one of Bavaria’s eight districts:

Local council: MARKTGEMEINDE MAROLDSWESIACH (“Rund um den Zeilberg”)
District: Landkries Hassberge (one of Bavaria’s eight Regions)
Sub-Region: Unterfranken
Region: Franken
State: Bavaria (Bayren)


The settlement of Jews in the village started in 1720 (see figure below). In this year only two Jewish families lived in the village. Twenty years later, in their number has grown to 40, but then the numbers have grown smaller and in 1800 there were only 14 families left.

Distribution of the number of Jews in the Maroldsweisach (by year):

 Year Number  Families/Persons  Year  Number  Families/Persons
1720 2 Families 1885 42 Families
1740 20 Families 1890 39 Families
1768 16 Families 1895 43 Families
1800 14 Families 1900 33 Families
1813 97 Persons 1905 34 Families
1841 132 Persons 1910 28 Families
1867 64 Persons 1925 25 Families
1871 68 Persons 1933 22 Families
1875 51 Persons 1938 8 Families
1880 57 Persons

The name Anschel Itzik (born 1762), father of the Hecht family (and for our purposes may be viewed as a “key ancestor” or family “patriarch”) is mentioned for the first time in an official document (registration of an official family name) of a resident of the village in 1790. The Hecht family must have been one of the fourteen families who lived in the village in the year 1800.

marold_69From 1813 on, data is available which refers also to individuals (and not just to families), whose numbers has reached 97 that year. The highest number of Jews, according to the data recorded in 1841 was 132. This number has started to decrease in the following years and in 1900 it was down to 33 people. In 1922 Samuel (Sally) Ben Yacov, fourth generation descendant of the Hecht family has left the village and gone to Mainz, after being appointed as teacher in the Jewish teacher seminary in Wurzburg, the district capital of the region.

In 1933, five more people have left the village, and immigrated to Israel. Karolina Hecht, fourth generation descendant of the Hecht family, the widow of Yacov (Jakob) Hecht (died in 1929) and Malka (Amalie) Blum, daughter of Karolina and Yacov, sixth generation descendant of the Hecht family, her husband Moshe (Moses) Blum and their children Menakem and Eliyahu, seventh generation descendants of the Hecht family. In the year 1936 Rudolf Hecht, son of Max Hecht, has left the village and immigrated to the United States. His father Max Hecht, the last family member, fifth generation descendant of the Hecht family was among the last eight Jews who stayed in the village in 1938. That year Max Hecht has moved to an old people’s home in Munchen and from there was sent to the gas chambers in Auschwitz. He ended his life there in May 5, 1943. Additional Information can be found in the Yad Vashem (“Holocaust Memorial Authority” ) “Page of Testimony” (Daf-Ed), compiled by his son Ralph Hecht in 8.3.1974 (see the chapter: How Allan Hecht was Located).

By 1939 no more Jews were left in the village. The last official reference is an announcement of the burial of a Jew, resident of the adjacent village, in the cemetery where nine Hecht family members are buried. Since the end of World War Two and until 1989, the East German border runs in the close vicinity of the village (see map of the region), the red line indicating the border are located north of the village.

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